Rheumatology diseases are caused mainly due to autoimmunity, and there are more than a hundred types of these diseases. Also, they can affect any part of the body, and the main symptoms vary accordingly. For example, rheumatoid arthritis happens when the immune system attacks the synovium that lines the joints. Due to the complex nature of these diseases, many of their symptoms appear like common ailments in the initial stages. So, consulting a rheumatologist is ideal as they specialize in the medical discipline of rheumatology. Read on to know more about the diseases treated by a rheumatologist.
A person suffering from Sjogren’s syndrome begins to experience dry mouth and dry eyes. This is because the secretion of the salivary and tear glands starts to reduce. At later stages, the person may experience fatigue, skin rashes and dryness, joint stiffness, and dry cough. Many of these symptoms are like common day ailments. So, it is important to visit rheumatology clinic for the earlier detection and treatment of Sjogren’s syndrome.
Scleroderma Or Systemic Sclerosis
Under normal circumstances, collagen is important for maintaining the skin elasticity, and thereby its health. But for people suffering from the rheumatoid disease scleroderma, collagen builds up in their skin and organs. Its typical symptoms are hair loss, skin hardening, sores on fingers and toes, digestive issues, breathing issues, and joint pain.
Dermatomyositis is a rheumatoid disease that is more common in women than in men. It causes inflammation, rashes, eyelids and skin become purple, swallowing becomes difficult, weakness of muscles, and shortness of breath. The exact cause of this disease is still unknown, and some rheumatologists assume it is caused due to viral infection in the muscles. Diagnosing it can be tricky, and if you are suffering from the symptoms mentioned, it is recommended to visit a rheumatology clinic near you.
The rheumatoid disease polymyositis is caused when there is a chronic inflammation of the muscles resulting in their weakness, and it is more common in African American women between the ages of 30 to 50. It causes difficulty in speaking, swallowing, muscle weakness, fatigue, and shortness of breath.
Septic arthritis happens when bacteria like streptococcus or staphylococcus infect the joints in the knees and hips. This usually happens when these pathogens are transported through the bloodstream. Its typical symptoms are swollen joints, joint pain, fever, and reduced mobility.
Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory rheumatoid disease causing painful and tight shoulders. Besides, it only affects people over the age of 50, and some of its symptoms are anemia, fever, and fatigue.
There are several other rheumatoid diseases treated by a rheumatologist, and many of them are debilitating and painful. So, it is important to get them diagnosed and treated as early as possible.