One of the most common types of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, can be very dangerous to your body if you do not seek proper treatment. This autoimmune condition affects more than 1.5 million people in the United States alone. There are many drugs that are used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and almost all of them aim to block the inflammation caused by this condition.
Here are some of the medications that are commonly used in the treatment of rheumatology arthritis.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs are the most common drugs that are used for alleviating rheumatology symptoms. When compared to most other pain relievers, NSAIDs are effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis because they can help in reducing inflammation. You can buy NSAIDs with a prescription, which means there is no need to use OTC NSAIDs. Some common NSAIDs that are used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis are ibuprofen, aspirin, naproxen, etc.
Also called steroids, corticosteroids are commonly available as injectable and oral drugs. These drugs are very effective in reducing inflammation in people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. It was also found that corticosteroids are capable of reducing the joint damage and joint pain caused by inflammation. Cortisone, prednisone, betamethasone, hydrocortisone, etc. are some of the corticosteroids that are used in rheumatoid arthritis. However, these drugs may cause some side effects like high blood pressure, stomach ulcers, high blood sugar, osteoporosis, cataracts, etc.
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs are very commonly used in reducing inflammation in people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. The main difference between DMARDs and other medications used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is that they can help in slowing down the progression of the disease very effectively. Methotrexate, minocycline, sulfasalazine, leflunomide, etc. are some of the most common DMARDs used.
These injectable drugs work by blocking some of the inflammatory pathways that are made by your immune cells. This is very beneficial in reducing the inflammation caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Usually, biologics are prescribed when your rheumatology symptoms cannot be treated only with DMARDs. If you have an infection or compromised immune system, doctors won’t prescribe biologics. Some of the most common biologics used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis are infliximab, anakinra, rituximab, abatacept, etc.
Janus Kinase Inhibitors
If DMARDs and biologics won’t work for you, your doctor may prescribe Janus kinase inhibitors. These drugs can affect the activity of the immune cells and reduce the inflammation in your body, giving you relief from rheumatoid arthritis. Baricitinib and tofacitinib are the two major Janus kinase inhibitors.