Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis that affect people. This inflammatory condition can lead to severe joint pain and swelling. We still don’t know the exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis, but there are many factors that increase the risk of this inflammatory condition.
Let’s take a look at some of the common risk factors of rheumatology arthritis.
Many studies have shown that the risk of rheumatoid arthritis is 2 or 3 times high in women than in men. According to experts, hormones play a major role in this. It was found that high levels of estrogen in the body can increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Some recent studies have shown that the risk of rheumatoid arthritis was high in people who received estrogen replacement therapy after menopause. Some studies have also linked higher testosterone levels with an increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis.
The risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis will be high if you have a close family member with this disorder. It is important to note that genetic factors may not necessarily lead to this disease, but they increase the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis if triggers like smoking and obesity are present.
Studies have shown that the risk of rheumatoid arthritis is very high in regular smokers when compared to nonsmokers. If you have a close family member with this disorder and you are a regular smoker, the chances of developing rheumatoid arthritis are very high in you. Smoking may also change the immune response of the body. Studies showed that smoking can increase the frequency of immune response and causes oxidative stress. This will reduce the effectiveness of rheumatoid arthritis medications.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, there is a major link between obesity and the development of rheumatoid arthritis. Obesity is also associated with many other health problems, like metabolic syndrome, that may aggravate the rheumatology symptoms.
Even though rheumatoid arthritis is an immunological disease, some of the risk factors of this disorder may not involve the immune system. Some recent studies have shown that our body’s reaction to stress may worsen the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. It was commonly reported that people with rheumatoid arthritis experienced stress or anxiety shortly before the first appearance of rheumatology symptoms.
People of all age groups are at risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. However, it was found that the risk increases with age. Older adults are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis than younger adults.