Psoriatic arthritis occurs when the sore, swollen joints of arthritis combines with psoriasis, an auto-immune disease that mainly affects your skin. Statistics show that more than 7.5 million Americans are affected with psoriasis and up 30% of these people will eventually develop psoriatic arthritis.
One of the main problems with psoriatic arthritis is that it can affect any part of the body. A cure for psoriatic arthritis has not been found yet. Most of the existing treatment of the condition aims at managing the symptoms and preventing joint damage. If you are diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis, you should take immediate treatment. Otherwise, it will lead to disability.
Symptoms Of Psoriatic Arthritis
If not treated early and properly, the condition may get worse and there is a high chance of disability. Psoriatic arthritis symptoms can be mild to severe. Sometimes the symptoms will go into remission and you will feel like you have been cured. Then the symptoms will come back stronger and the condition will get worse.
These are the common symptoms of psoriatic arthritis:
- Swollen toes and fingers
- Swollen joints
- Morning stiffness
- Scaly skin patches
- Painful tendons and muscles
- Spinal pain
- Nail pitting
Types Of Psoriatic Arthritis
Symmetric Psoriatic Arthritis
This type of psoriatic arthritis affects the same joints of both sides of the body. The symptoms of symmetric psoriatic arthritis are similar to that of rheumatoid arthritis. It is the most common type of psoriatic arthritis.
Asymmetric Psoriatic Arthritis
This type of psoriatic arthritis only affects the joints of one side of your body. This condition may cause soreness and redness on your joints. About 35% of psoriatic arthritis cases are asymmetric psoriatic arthritis.
Distal Interphalangeal Predominant Psoriatic Arthritis
This condition affects the joints that are closer to your nails. These joints are known as distal joints. About 10 % of psoriatic arthritis cases are distal interphalangeal predominant psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriatic Arthritis Mutilans
This is the most severe form of psoriatic arthritis. It usually affects your hands and feet. About 5% of psoriatic arthritis patients are suffering from psoriatic arthritis mutilans.
Spondylitis Psoriatic Arthritis
This type of psoriatic arthritis mainly affects your spine. You will experience severe neck and lower back pain. Spondylitis psoriatic arthritis can restrict your mobility.
Treatment Of Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis treatment aims to improve the symptoms and reducing the pain. The most common medications used in the treatment of psoriatic arthritis are Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs. These are very helpful in reducing joint pain and swellings.