Arthritis is an inflammatory disorder and the same inflammation that affects your joints can affect your eyes. Many of us think of arthritis as the inflammation of the joints, but researches show that the inflammation can cause damage to other parts of the body, which includes the eyes. Any inflammation that affects the collagen in our body can affect the sclera and the cornea of our eyes, which are collagen. Shared below are three eye conditions that are connected to rheumatology diseases like arthritis.
This eye condition is also called Dry Eye Syndrome and, in this condition, our eyes will be unable to maintain a healthy film of tears. It can be caused by many reasons, including the use of some medication or damage to the tear-producing glands. The film of tears is not only meant for lubricating the eyes but also protects the eyes from foreign particles and is important to ensure proper vision. You may have blurry vision and the feeling of something in your eyes if you suffer from Keratitis Sicca.
It is the inflammation of the sclera – the white portion of our eyes. Inflammatory arthritis conditions like rheumatoid arthritis can make the cornea or the eyewall become thin and minor trauma can split open the eyeball. If you suffer from scleritis, you can notice redness that will not go away with eye drops. You may also have to endure acute pains, extreme light sensitivity, and limited vision.
Using corticosteroid eye drops can help control inflammation in some cases, but usually, the problem will be too deep inside the eyes to control locally. Scleritis typically indicates inflammation that is out of control, therefore keeping your arthritis under control is very much important to control scleritis.
Retinal Vascular Occlusion
In this condition, the light-sensing layer of the eye or the small blood vessels feeding the retina are blocked. The blockage of the vessels is similar to what happens to the arteries during a stroke or a heart attack. If you have retinal vascular occlusion, you will notice a loss of vision, like a curtain is put in front of the eyes. If an artery is obstructed, loss of vision can be fast but when a vein is congested, vision loss can be slow.
Retinal vascular occlusion affects people suffering from rheumatology diseases like lupus, Behcet’s disease, polyarteritis nodosa, scleroderma, and CNS angiitis. If you suffer from any of these diseases, visit a rheumatology clinic in your area and get the necessary treatment to avoid complications to your vision.